1 relating to or created by statutes; "statutory matters"; "statutory law"
2 prescribed or authorized by or punishable under a statute; "statutory restrictions"; "a statutory age limit"; "statutory crimes"; "statutory rape"
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a country, state, city, or county. Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. The word is often used to distinguish law made by legislative bodies from the judicial decisions of the common law and the regulations issued by Government agencies. Statutes are sometimes referred to as legislation or "black letter law. As a source of law, statutes are considered primary authority (as opposed to secondary authority).
Before a statute becomes law in some countries, it must be agreed upon by the highest executive in the government, and finally published as part of a code. In many countries, statutes are organized in topical arrangements (or "codified") within publications called codes, such as the United States Code. In the United States, statutory law is distinguished from and subordinate to constitutional law.
International lawThe term statute is sometimes also used to refer to an International treaty that establishes an institution, such as the Statute of the European Central Bank, a protocol to the Treaty of Maastricht. This includes international courts as well, such as the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Statute is also another word for law. The term was adapted from England in about the 18th century.
Biblical terminologyIn biblical terminology, a Statute (Hebrew chok) refers to a law given without a reason. The classic example is the Statute regarding the Red Heifer, which, legend has it, defied even the wisdom of King Solomon.
The opposite of a chok is a mishpat, a law given for a specified reason, e.g. the Sabbath laws, which were given because "God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day He rested". (Genesis 2:2-3)
Autonomy StatuteIn the Autonomous Communities of Spain the Autonomy Statute is a legal document similar in all but name to a state constitution in a federal state. The name was chosen because federalism was a taboo subject when the constitution of 1978 was approved.
statutory in German: Statut
statutory in Hebrew: חוק
statutory in Icelandic: Statúta
statutory in Dutch: Statuten
statutory in Japanese: 法律
statutory in Norwegian: Statutt
statutory in Malay (macrolanguage): Statut
statutory in Polish: Ustawa
statutory in Russian: нормативно-правовой акт
statutory in Yiddish: געזעץ
statutory in Chinese: 成文法
actionable, applicable, authoritative, authorized, binding, canonical, competent, constitutional, dictated, didactic, formulary, hard and fast, instructive, judicial, juridical, just, justiciable, kosher, lawful, lawmaking, legal, legislative, legit, legitimate, licit, mandatory, official, preceptive, prescribed, prescript, prescriptive, regulation, rightful, rubric, sanctioned, standard, valid, within the law